The very first test-tube baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born at 11.47 p.m., 35 years ago today (on 25th July, 1978), at Royal Oldham Hospital (previously known as Oldham District and General Hospital), Greater Manchester, United Kingdom.
She was born via In Vitro Fertilisation. In Vitro Fertilisation, or IVF, as it is commonly known, is a means of artificial insemination where doctors fertilise a woman’s egg in a laboratory, before placing it in her womb to develop.

Louise Joy Brown 1st Test Tube Baby turns 35 today (25th July 2013)

John & Lesley Brown, had tried nine years to have a child, but could not, as Lesley faced complications to conceive due to blocked Fallopian tubes; making her body unable to let the ovum and the sperm converge, thus making natural fertilisation an impossibility.
In Autumn of 1977, Lesley Brown underwent a IVF procedure, developed by British Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Dr. Patrick Steptoe, and physiologist, Dr. Robert Edwards. Edwards was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2010 for this work on In vitro fertilization, and was knighted in 2011, at the Queen’s Birthday Honours, for services to human reproductive biology.

On July 25th, 1978, the couple gave birth to Louise Joy Brown, via Caesarean section.
Louise married a nightclub bouncer, Wesley Mullinder, in 2004. And on 20th December 2006, gave birth to a son, Cameron, conceived naturally.
Dr. Patrick Steptoe, died in 1988. Louise’s father, John Brown, died in 2006,and her mother, Lesley Brown, died in 2012. Dr. Robert Edwards, died earlier this year, on 10th April 2013.

Thanks to Edwards and Steptoe, and modern technology, by 2010, it was stated, that about four million children were born via In vitro fertilization. And this great 1978 breakthrough is science, laid the foundation to further innovations; such as intracytoplasmatic sperm injection, embryo biopsy, and stem cell research.

To read about another great breakthrough in science, see my post on Dolly

Cloned Dolly: 17th Birth Anniversary

Nuwan Sen n’ Science